Dr Gilles Van Cutsem is the Medical Director for Médecins Sans Frontières / Doctors Without Borders in South Africa and Lesotho. He holds a Medical Doctor degree from the University of Louvain (Belgium, 1997), a Diploma of Tropical Medicine from the Institute for Tropical Medicine in Antwerp (Belgium, 1998) and a Masters in Public Health (Epidemiology) from the University of Cape Town (South Africa, 2008). He joined Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in 1998, with whom he worked in Southern Sudan, Angola and Mozambique before joining the Khayelitsha TB/HIV project in June 2003, of which he became the coordinator in 2007. He is also an Honorary Research Associate at the Centre for Infectious Disease Epidemiology and Research of the University of Cape Town. His interests include implementation and operational research, particularly of pragmatic strategies to reduce TB and HIV related mortality and morbidity and maternal and child mortality. He believes research needs to go hand in hand with activism and advocacy to achieve impact on policy.