Dr Theresa Rossouw qualified (cum laude) as a medical doctor at the University of Stellenbosch in 1996 and worked as a general practitioner in Hout Bay. She then completed a MPhil in Applied Ethics at the same university in 2002 and a MPH (Epidemiology and Biostatistics) at the University of Pretoria in 2009, all cum laude. She has a special interest in philosophy and completed a PhD in the area of power and personhood in medical discourse in 2012. She is a member of Research Ethics Committees of the University of Pretoria and the HSRC and teaches both under-and postgraduate courses in biomedical ethics. She is a HIV clinician and has been the Clinical Head of the Antiretroviral Clinic at Tshwane District Hospital since 2005 and established a HIV Resistance Clinic at the same hospital in 2010. She started working in the primary healthcare clinics and community health centers in Tshwane district in 2011, with the aim of training and supporting healthcare workers in the management of HIV-infected patients. She is a consultant at the Department of Family Medicine and a Researcher at the Department of Immunology at the University of Pretoria and a member of the Southern African Treatment and Resistance Network (SATuRN). Her research focus is HIV-1 drug resistance and the consequences of HIV-associated chronic immune activation.